The Seventh-day Adventist Church was officially organized in 1863, during the US Civil War. The church from the beginning took a stand against bearing arms. When the first draft law was enacted, you could pay $300 and get out of it. The church was small, and few were affected. But the law was changed to allow exemption only to members of historic peace churches. That’s when the church was forced to take a more public stand, and to make its views known to the US government.